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Not merely a Reproduction of Book 4 - Part 4 - Liber AL vel Legis . . .

Liber AL

sub figura CCXX

as delivered by
XCIII = 418

AA Publication in Class A


The Book

1. This book was dictated in Cairo between noon and 1 p.m. on three successive days, April 8th, 9th and 10th in the year 1904.
The Author called himself Aiwass, and claimed to be the minister of Hoor-Paar-Kraat; that is, a messenger from the forces ruling this earth at present, as will be explained later on.
How could he prove that he was in fact a being of a kind superior to any of the human race, and so entitled to speak with authority?  Evidently he must show KNOWLEDGE and POWER such as no man has ever been known to possess.
2. He showed his KNOWLEDGE chiefly by the use of cipher or cryptogram in certain passages to set forth recondite facts, including some events which had yet to take place, such that no human being could possibly be aware of them; thus, the proof of his claim exists in the manuscript itself.  It is independent of any human witness.
The study of these passages necessarily demands supreme human scholarship to interpret -- it needs years of intense application.  A great deal has still to be worked out.  But enough has been discovered to justify his claim; the most sceptical intelligence is compelled to admit its truth.
This matter is best studied under the Master Therion, whose years of arduous research have led him to enlightenment.
On the other hand, the language of most of the Book is admirably simple, clear and vigorous.  No one can read it without being stricken in the very core of his being.
3. The more than human POWER of Aiwass is shewn by the influence of his Master, and of the Book, upon actual events: and history fully supports the claim made by him.  These facts are appreciable by everyone; but are better understood with the help of the Master Therion.
4. The full detailed account of the events leading up to the dictation of this Book, with facsimile reproduction of the Manuscript and an essay by the Master Therion, is published in The Equinox of the Gods.

The Universe

This Book explains the Universe.
The elements are Nuit -- Space -- that is, the total of possibilities of every kind -- and Hadit, any point which has experience of these possibilities.  (This idea is for literary convenience symbolised by the Egyptian Goddess Nuit, a woman bending over like the Arch of the Night Sky.  Hadit is symbolised as a Winged Globe at the heart of Nuit.)
Every event is a uniting of some one monad with one of the experiences possible to it.
“Every man and every woman is a star,” that is, an aggregate of such experiences, constantly changing with each fresh event, which affects him or her either consciously or subconsciously.
Each one of us has thus an universe of his own, but it is the same universe for each one as soon as it includes all possible experience.  This implies the extension of consciousness to include all other consciousness.
In our present stage, the object that you see is never the same as the one that I see; we infer that it is the same because your experience tallies with mine on so many points that the actual differences of our observation are negligible.  For instance, if a friend is walking between us, you see only his left side, I his right; but we agree that it is the same man, although we may differ not only as to what we may see of his body but as to what we know of his qualities.  This conviction of identity grows stronger as we see him more often and get to know him better.  Yet all the time neither of us can know anything of him at all beyond the total impression made on our respective minds.
The above is an extremely crude attempt to explain a system which reconciles all existing schools of philosophy.

The Law of Thelema

This Book lays down a simple Code of Conduct.
“Do what thou wilt shall be the whole of the Law.”
“Love is the law, love under will.”
“There is no law beyond Do what thou wilt.”
This means that each of us stars is to move on our true orbit, as marked out by the nature of our position, the law of our growth, the impulse of our past experiences.  All events are equally lawful -- and every one necessary, in the long run -- for all of us, in theory; but in practice, only one act is lawful for each one of us at any given moment.  Therefore Duty consists in determining to experience the right event from one moment of consciousness to another.
Each action or motion is an act of love, the uniting with one or another part of “Nuit”; each such act must be “under will,” chosen so as to fulfil and not to thwart the true nature of the being concerned.
The technical methods of achieving this are to be studied in Magick, or acquired by personal instruction from the Master Therion and his appointed assistants.

* Thelema is the Greek for Will, and has the same numerical value as Agape, the Greek for Love.

The New Aeon

The third chapter of the Book is difficult to understand, and may be very repugnant to many people born before the date of the book (April, 1904).
It tells us the characteristics of the Period on which we are now entered.  Superficially, they appear appalling.  We see some of them already with terrifying clarity.  But fear not!
It explains that certain vast “stars” (or aggregates of experience) may be described as Gods.  One of these is in charge of the destinies of this planet for periods of 2,000 years.*  In the history of the world, as far as we know accurately, are three such Gods: Isis, the mother, when the Universe was conceived as simple nourishment drawn directly from her; this period is marked by matriarchal government.
Next, beginning 500 B.C., Osiris, the father, when the Universe was imagined as catastrophic, love, death, resurrection, as the method by which experience was built up; this corresponds to patriarchal systems.
Now, Horus, the child, in which we come to perceive events as a continual growth partaking in its elements of both these methods, and not to be overcome by circumstance.  This present period involves the recognition of the individual as the unit of society.
We realise ourselves as explained in the first paragraphs of this essay.  Every event, including death, is only one more accretion to our experience, freely willed by ourselves from the beginning and therefore also predestined.
This “God", Horus, has a technical title: Heru-Ra-Ha, a combination of twin gods, Ra-Hoor-Khuit and Hoor-Paar-Kraat.  The meaning of this doctrine must be studied in Magick.  (He is symbolised as a Hawk-Headed God enthroned.)
He rules the present period of 2,000 years, beginning in 1904.  Everywhere his government is taking root.  Observe for yourselves the decay of the sense of sin, the growth of innocence and irresponsibility, the strange modifications of the reproductive instinct with a tendency to become bisexual or epicene, the childlike confidence in progress combined with nightmare fear of catastrophe, against which we are yet half unwilling to take precautions.
Consider the outcrop of dictatorships, only possible when moral growth is in its earliest stages, and the prevalence of infantile cults like Communism, Fascism, Pacifism, Health Crazes, Occultism in nearly all its forms, religions sentimentalised to the point of practical extinction.
Consider the popularity of the cinema, the wireless, the football pools and guessing competitions, all devices for soothing fractious infants, no seed of purpose in them.
Consider sport, the babyish enthusiasms and rages which it excites, whole nations disturbed by disputes between boys.
Consider war, the atrocities which occur daily and leave us unmoved and hardly worried.
We are children.
How this new Aeon of Horus will develop, how the Child will grow up, these are for us to determine, growing up ourselves in the way of the Law of Thelema under the enlightened guidance of the Master Therion.

* The moment of change from one period to another is technically called The Equinox of the Gods.

The Next Step

Democracy dodders.
Ferocious Fascism, cackling Communism, equally frauds, cavort crazily all over the globe.
They are hemming us in.
They are abortive births of the Child, the New Aeon of Horus.
Liberty stirs once more in the womb of Time.
Evolution makes its changes by anti-Socialistic ways.  The “abnormal” man who foresees the trend of the times and adapts circumstance intelligently, is laughed at, persecuted, often destroyed by the herd; but he and his heirs, when the crisis comes, are survivors.
Above us today hangs a danger never yet paralleled in history.  We suppress the individual in more and more ways.  We think in terms of the herd.  War no longer kills soldiers; it kills all indiscriminately.  Every new measure of the most democratic and autocratic governments is Communistic in essence.  It is always restriction.  We are all treated as imbecile children.  Dora, the Shops Act, the Motoring Laws, Sunday suffocation, the Censorship -- they won’t trust us to cross the roads at will.
Fascism is like Communism, and dishonest into the bargain.  The dictators suppress all art, literature, theatre, music, news, that does not meet their requirements; yet the world only moves by the light of genius.  The herd will be destroyed in mass.
The establishment of the Law of Thelema is the only way to preserve individual liberty and to assure the future of the race.
In the words of the famous paradox of the Comte de Fénix -- The absolute rule of the state shall be a function of the absolute liberty of each individual will.
All men and women are invited to cooperate with the Master Therion in this, the Great Work.


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The Book of the Law

Chapter I

  1. Had!  The manifestation of Nuit.

  2. The unveiling of the company of heaven.

  3. Every man and every woman is a star.

  4. Every number is infinite; there is no difference.

  5. Help me, o warrior lord of Thebes, in my unveiling before the Children of men!

  6. Be thou Hadit, my secret centre, my heart & my tongue!

  7. Behold! it is revealed by Aiwass the minister of Hoor-paar-kraat.

  8. The Khabs is in the Khu, not the Khu in the Khabs.

  9. Worship then the Khabs, and behold my light shed over you!

  10. Let my servants be few & secret: they shall rule the many & the known.

  11. These are fools that men adore; both their Gods & their men are fools.

  12. Come forth, o children, under the stars, & take your fill of love!

  13. I am above you and in you. My ecstasy is in yours. My joy is to see your joy.

  14. Above, the gemmed azure is
    The naked splendour of Nuit;
    She bends in ecstasy to kiss
    The secret ardours of Hadit.
    The winged globe, the starry blue,
    Are mine, O Ankh-af-na-khonsu!

  15. Now ye shall know that the chosen priest & apostle of infinite space is the prince-priest the Beast; and in his woman called the Scarlet Woman is all power given.  They shall gather my children into their fold: they shall bring the glory of the stars into the hearts of men.

  16. For he is ever a sun, and she a moon. But to him is the winged secret flame, and to her the stooping starlight.

  17. But ye are not so chosen.

  18. Burn upon their brows, o splendrous serpent!

  19. O azure-lidded woman, bend upon them!

  20. The key of the rituals is in the secret word which I have given unto him.

  21. With the God & the Adorer I am nothing: they do not see me.  They are as upon the earth; I am Heaven, and there is no other God than me, and my lord Hadit.

  22. Now, therefore, I am known to ye by my name Nuit, and to him by a secret name which I will give him when at last he knoweth me.  Since I am Infinite Space, and the Infinite Stars thereof, do ye also thus.  Bind nothing!  Let there be no difference made among you between any one thing & any other thing; for thereby there cometh hurt.

  23. But whoso availeth in this, let him be the chief of all!

  24. I am Nuit, and my word is six and fifty.

  25. Divide, add, multiply, and understand.

  26. Then saith the prophet and slave of the beauteous one: Who am I, and what shall be the sign?  So she answered him, bending down, a lambent flame of blue, all-touching, all penetrant, her lovely hands upon the black earth, & her lithe body arched for love, and her soft feet not hurting the little flowers: Thou knowest! And the sign shall be my ecstasy, the consciousness of the continuity of existence, the omnipresence of my body.

  27. Then the priest answered & said unto the Queen of Space, kissing her lovely brows, and the dew of her light bathing his whole body in a sweet-smelling perfume of sweat: O Nuit, continuous one of Heaven, let it be ever thus; that men speak not of Thee as One but as None; and let them speak not of thee at all, since thou art continuous!

  28. None, breathed the light, faint & faery, of the stars, and two.

  29. For I am divided for love's sake, for the chance of union.

  30. This is the creation of the world, that the pain of division is as nothing, and the joy of dissolution all.

  31. For these fools of men and their woes care not thou at all! They feel little; what is, is balanced by weak joys; but ye are my chosen ones.

  32. Obey my prophet! follow out the ordeals of my knowledge! seek me only!  Then the joys of my love will redeem ye from all pain.  This is so: I swear it by the vault of my body; by my sacred heart and tongue; by all I can give, by all I desire of ye all.

  33. Then the priest fell into a deep trance or swoon, & said unto the Queen of Heaven; Write unto us the ordeals; write unto us the rituals; write unto us the law!

  34. But she said: the ordeals I write not: the rituals shall be half known and half concealed: the Law is for all.

  35. This that thou writest is the threefold book of Law.

  36. My scribe Ankh-af-na-khonsu, the priest of the princes, shall not in one letter change this book; but lest there be folly, he shall comment thereupon by the wisdom of Ra-Hoor-Khu-it.

  37. Also the mantras and spells; the obeah and the wanga; the work of the wand and the work of the sword; these he shall learn and teach.

  38. He must teach; but he may make severe the ordeals.

  39. The word of the Law is THELEMA.

  40. Who calls us Thelemites will do no wrong, if he look but close into the word.  For there are therein three Grades, the Hermit, and the Lover, and the man of Earth.  Do what thou wilt shall be the whole of the Law.

  41. The word of Sin is Restriction. O man! refuse not thy wife, if she will! O lover, if thou wilt, depart!  There is no bond that can unite the divided but love: all else is a curse.  Accursed! Accursed be it to the aeons! Hell.

  42. Let it be that state of manyhood bound and loathing.  So with thy all; thou hast no right but to do thy will.

  43. Do that, and no other shall say nay.

  44. For pure will, unassuaged of purpose, delivered from the lust of result, is every way perfect.

  45. The Perfect and the Perfect are one Perfect and not two; nay, are none!

  46. Nothing is a secret key of this law.  Sixty-one the Jews call it; I call it eight, eighty, four hundred & eighteen.

  47. But they have the half: unite by thine art so that all disappear.

  48. My prophet is a fool with his one, one, one; are not they the Ox, and none by the Book?

  49. Abrogate are all rituals, all ordeals, all words and signs.  Ra-Hoor-Khuit hath taken his seat in the East at the Equinox of the Gods; and let Asar be with Isa, who also are one.  But they are not of me.  Let Asar be the adorant, Isa the sufferer; Hoor in his secret name and splendour is the Lord initiating.

  50. There is a word to say about the Hierophantic task.  Behold! there are three ordeals in one, and it may be given in three ways.  The gross must pass through fire; let the fine be tried in intellect, and the lofty chosen ones in the highest.  Thus ye have star & star, system & system; let not one know well the other!

  51. There are four gates to one palace; the floor of that palace is of silver and gold; lapis lazuli & jasper are there; and all rare scents; jasmine & rose, and the emblems of death.  Let him enter in turn or at once the four gates; let him stand on the floor of the palace.  Will he not sink?  Amn. Ho! warrior, if thy servant sink?  But there are means and means.  Be goodly therefore: dress ye all in fine apparel; eat rich foods and drink sweet wines and wines that foam!  Also, take your fill and will of love as ye will, when, where and with whom ye will!  But always unto me.

  52. If this be not aright; if ye confound the space-marks, saying: They are one; or saying, They are many; if the ritual be not ever unto me: then expect the direful judgments of Ra Hoor Khuit!

  53. This shall regenerate the world, the little world my sister, my heart & my tongue, unto whom I send this kiss.  Also, o scribe and prophet, though thou be of the princes, it shall not assuage thee nor absolve thee.  But ecstasy be thine and joy of earth: ever To me! To me!

  54. Change not as much as the style of a letter; for behold! thou, o prophet, shalt not behold all these mysteries hidden therein.

  55. The child of thy bowels, he shall behold them.

  56. Expect him not from the East, nor from the West; for from no expected house cometh that child.  Aum!  All words are sacred and all prophets true; save only that they understand a little; solve the first half of the equation, leave the second unattacked.  But thou hast all in the clear light, and some, though not all, in the dark.

  57. Invoke me under my stars! Love is the law, love under will.  Nor let the fools mistake love; for there are love and love.  There is the dove, and there is the serpent.  Choose ye well!  He, my prophet, hath chosen, knowing the law of the fortress, and the great mystery of the House of God.  All these old letters of my Book are aright; but TS is not the Star.  This also is secret: my prophet shall reveal it to the wise.

  58. I give unimaginable joys on earth: certainty, not faith, while in life, upon death; peace unutterable, rest, ecstasy; nor do I demand aught in sacrifice.

  59. My incense is of resinous woods & gums; and there is no blood therein: because of my hair the trees of Eternity.

  60. My number is 11, as all their numbers who are of us.  The Five Pointed Star, with a Circle in the Middle, & the circle is Red.  My colour is black to the blind, but the blue & gold are seen of the seeing.  Also I have a secret glory for them that love me.

  61. But to love me is better than all things: if under the night-stars in the desert thou presently burnest mine incense before me, invoking me with a pure heart, and the Serpent flame therein, thou shalt come a little to lie in my bosom.  For one kiss wilt thou then be willing to give all; but whoso gives one particle of dust shall lose all in that hour.  Ye shall gather goods and store of women and spices; ye shall wear rich jewels; ye shall exceed the nations of the earth in splendour & pride; but always in the love of me, and so shall ye come to my joy.  I charge you earnestly to come before me in a single robe, and covered with a rich headdress.  I love you!  I yearn to you!  Pale or purple, veiled or voluptuous, I who am all pleasure and purple, and drunkenness of the innermost sense, desire you.  Put on the wings, and arouse the coiled splendour within you: come unto me!

  62. At all my meetings with you shall the priestess say - and her eyes shall burn with desire as she stands bare and rejoicing in my secret temple - To me! To me! calling forth the flame of the hearts of all in her love-chant.

  63. Sing the rapturous love-song unto me!  Burn to me perfumes!  Wear to me jewels!  Drink to me, for I love you!  I love you!

  64. I am the blue-lidded daughter of Sunset; I am the naked brilliance of the voluptuous night sky.

  65. To me!  To me!

  66. The Manifestation of Nuit is at an end.

Chapter II

  1. Nu!  The hiding of Hadit.

  2. Come! all ye, and learn the secret that hath not yet been revealed.  I, Hadit, am the complement of Nu, my bride.  I am not extended, and Khabs is the name of my House.

  3. In the sphere I am everywhere the centre, as she, the circumference, is nowhere found.

  4. Yet she shall be known & I never.

  5. Behold! the rituals of the old time are black.  Let the evil ones be cast away; let the good ones be purged by the prophet!  Then shall this Knowledge go aright.

  6. I am the flame that burns in every heart of man, and in the core of every star.  I am Life, and the giver of Life, yet therefore is the knowledge of me the knowledge of death.

  7. I am the Magician and the Exorcist.  I am the axle of the wheel, and the cube in the circle. "Come unto me" is a foolish word: for it is I that go.

  8. Who worshipped Heru-pa-kraath have worshipped me; ill, for I am the worshipper.

  9. Remember all ye that existence is pure joy; that all the sorrows are but as shadows; they pass & are done; but there is that which remains.

  10. O prophet! thou hast ill will to learn this writing.

  11. I see thee hate the hand & the pen; but I am stronger.

  12. Because of me in Thee which thou knewest not.

  13. For why? Because thou wast the knower, and me.

  14. Now let there be a veiling of this shrine: now let the light devour men and eat them up with blindness!

  15. For I am perfect, being Not; and my number is nine by the fools; but with the just I am eight, and one in eight: Which is vital, for I am none indeed.  The Empress and the King are not of me; for there is a further secret.

  16. I am The Empress & the Hierophant.  Thus eleven, as my bride is eleven.

  17. Hear me, ye people of sighing!
    The sorrows of pain and regret
    Are left to the dead and the dying,
    The folk that not know me as yet.

  18. These are dead, these fellows; they feel not.  We are not for the poor and sad: the lords of the earth are our kinsfolk.

  19. Is a God to live in a dog? No! but the highest are of us.  They shall rejoice, our chosen: who sorroweth is not of us.

  20. Beauty and strength, leaping laughter and delicious languor, force and fire, are of us.

  21. We have nothing with the outcast and the unfit: let them die in their misery.  For they feel not.  Compassion is the vice of kings: stamp down the wretched & the weak: this is the law of the strong: this is our law and the joy of the world.  Think not, o king, upon that lie: That Thou Must Die: verily thou shalt not die, but live.  Now let it be understood: If the body of the King dissolve, he shall remain in pure ecstasy for ever.  Nuit! Hadit! Ra-Hoor-Khuit!  The Sun, Strength & Sight, Light; these are for the servants of the Star & the Snake.

  22. I am the Snake that giveth Knowledge & Delight and bright glory, and stir the hearts of men with drunkenness.  To worship me take wine and strange drugs whereof I will tell my prophet, & be drunk thereof!  They shall not harm ye at all. It is a lie, this folly against self.  The exposure of innocence is a lie.  Be strong, o man! lust, enjoy all things of sense and rapture: fear not that any God shall deny thee for this.

  23. I am alone: there is no God where I am.

  24. Behold! these be grave mysteries; for there are also of my friends who be hermits.  Now think not to find them in the forest or on the mountain; but in beds of purple, caressed by magnificent beasts of women with large limbs, and fire and light in their eyes, and masses of flaming hair about them; there shall ye find them.  Ye shall see them at rule, at victorious armies, at all the joy; and there shall be in them a joy a million times greater than this.  Beware lest any force another, King against King!  Love one another with burning hearts; on the low men trample in the fierce lust of your pride, in the day of your wrath.

  25. Ye are against the people, O my chosen!

  26. I am the secret Serpent coiled about to spring: in my coiling there is joy.  If I lift up my head, I and my Nuit are one.  If I droop down mine head, and shoot forth venom, then is rapture of the earth, and I and the earth are one.

  27. There is great danger in me; for who doth not understand these runes shall make a great miss.  He shall fall down into the pit called Because, and there he shall perish with the dogs of Reason.

  28. Now a curse upon Because and his kin!

  29. May Because be accursed for ever!

  30. If Will stops and cries Why, invoking Because, then Will stops & does nought.

  31. If Power asks why, then is Power weakness.

  32. Also reason is a lie; for there is a factor infinite & unknown; & all their words are skew-wise.

  33. Enough of Because!  Be he damned for a dog!

  34. But ye, o my people, rise up & awake!

  35. Let the rituals be rightly performed with joy & beauty!

  36. There are rituals of the elements and feasts of the times.

  37. A feast for the first night of the Prophet and his Bride!

  38. A feast for the three days of the writing of the Book of the Law.

  39. A feast for Tahuti and the child of the Prophet - secret, O Prophet!

  40. A feast for the Supreme Ritual, and a feast for the Equinox of the Gods.

  41. A feast for fire and a feast for water; a feast for life and a greater feast for death!

  42. A feast every day in your hearts in the joy of my rapture!

  43. A feast every night unto Nu, and the pleasure of uttermost delight!

  44. Aye! feast! rejoice! there is no dread hereafter.  There is the dissolution, and eternal ecstasy in the kisses of Nu.

  45. There is death for the dogs.

  46. Dost thou fail?  Art thou sorry?  Is fear in thine heart?

  47. Where I am these are not.

  48. Pity not the fallen! I never knew them.  I am not for them. I console not: I hate the consoled & the consoler.

  49. I am unique & conqueror.  I am not of the slaves that perish.  Be they damned & dead! Amen.  (This is of the 4: there is a fifth who is invisible, & therein am I as a babe in an egg.)

  50. Blue am I and gold in the light of my bride: but the red gleam is in my eyes; & my spangles are purple & green.

  51. Purple beyond purple: it is the light higher than eyesight.

  52. There is a veil: that veil is black.  It is the veil of the modest woman; it is the veil of sorrow, & the pall of death: this is none of me.  Tear down that lying spectre of the centuries: veil not your vices in virtuous words: these vices are my service; ye do well, & I will reward you here and hereafter.

  53. Fear not, o prophet, when these words are said, thou shalt not be sorry.  Thou art emphatically my chosen; and blessed are the eyes that thou shalt look upon with gladness.  But I will hide thee in a mask of sorrow: they that see thee shall fear thou art fallen: but I lift thee up.

  54. Nor shall they who cry aloud their folly that thou meanest nought avail; thou shall reveal it: thou availest: they are the slaves of because: They are not of me.  The stops as thou wilt; the letters? change them not in style or value!

  55. Thou shalt obtain the order & value of the English Alphabet; thou shalt find new symbols to attribute them unto.

  56. Begone! ye mockers; even though ye laugh in my honour ye shall laugh not long: then when ye are sad know that I have forsaken you.

  57. He that is righteous shall be righteous still; he that is filthy shall be filthy still.

  58. Yea! deem not of change: ye shall be as ye are, & not other.  Therefore the kings of the earth shall be Kings for ever: the slaves shall serve.  There is none that shall be cast down or lifted up: all is ever as it was.  Yet there are masked ones my servants: it may be that yonder beggar is a King.  A King may choose his garment as he will: there is no certain test: but a beggar cannot hide his poverty.

  59. Beware therefore!  Love all, lest perchance is a King concealed!  Say you so?  Fool!  If he be a King, thou canst not hurt him.

  60. Therefore strike hard & low, and to hell with them, master!

  61. There is a light before thine eyes, o prophet, a light undesired, most desirable.

  62. I am uplifted in thine heart; and the kisses of the stars rain hard upon thy body.

  63. Thou art exhaust in the voluptuous fullness of the inspiration; the expiration is sweeter than death, more rapid and laughterful than a caress of Hell's own worm.

  64. Oh! thou art overcome: we are upon thee; our delight is all over thee: hail! hail: prophet of Nu! prophet of Had! prophet of Ra-Hoor-Khu!  Now rejoice! now come in our splendour & rapture!  Come in our passionate peace, & write sweet words for the Kings.

  65. I am the Master: thou art the Holy Chosen One.

  66. Write, & find ecstasy in writing! Work, & be our bed in working!  Thrill with the joy of life & death!  Ah! thy death shall be lovely: whososeeth it shall be glad.  Thy death shall be the seal of the promise of our age long love.  Come! lift up thine heart & rejoice!  We are one; we are none.

  67. Hold!  Hold!  Bear up in thy rapture; fall not in swoon of the excellent kisses!

  68. Harder!  Hold up thyself!  Lift thine head!  Breathe not so deep - die!

  69. Ah!  Ah!  What do I feel?  Is the word exhausted?

  70. There is help & hope in other spells.  Wisdom says: be strong!  Then canst thou bear more joy.  Be not animal; refine thy rapture!  If thou drink, drink by the eight and ninety rules of art: if thou love exceed by delicacy; and if thou do aught joyous, let there be subtlety therein!

  71. But exceed! exceed!

  72. Strive ever to more! and if thou art truly mine - and doubt it not, and if thou art ever joyous! - death is the crown of all.

  73. Ah!  Ah!  Death!  Death! thou shalt long for death.  Death is forbidden, o man, unto thee.

  74. The length of thy longing shall be the strength of its glory.  He that lives long & desires death much is ever the King among the Kings.

  75. Aye! listen to the numbers & the words:

  76. 4 6 3 8 A B K 2 4 A L G M O R 3 Y X 24 89 R P S T O V A L.  What meaneth this, o prophet?  Thou knowest not; nor shalt thou know ever.  There cometh one to follow thee: he shall expound it.  But remember, o chosen one, to be me; to follow the love of Nu in the star-lit heaven; to look forth upon men, to tell them this glad word.

  77. O be thou proud and mighty among men!

  78. Lift up thyself! for there is none like unto thee among men or among Gods! Lift up thyself, o my prophet, thy stature shall surpass the stars.  They shall worship thy name, foursquare, mystic, wonderful, the number of the man; and the name of thy house 418.

  79. The end of the hiding of Hadit; and blessing & worship to the prophet of the lovely Star!

Chapter III

  1. Abrahadabra; the reward of Ra Hoor Khut.

  2. There is division hither homeward; there is a word not known.  Spelling is defunct; all is not aught.  Beware!  Hold!  Raise the spell of Ra-Hoor-Khuit!

  3. Now let it be first understood that I am a god of War and of Vengeance.  I shall deal hardly with them.

  4. Choose ye an island!

  5. Fortify it!

  6. Dung it about with enginery of war!

  7. I will give you a war-engine.

  8. With it ye shall smite the peoples; and none shall stand before you.

  9. Lurk!  Withdraw!  Upon them! this is the Law of the Battle of Conquest: thus shall my worship be about my secret house.

  10. Get the stele of revealing itself; set it in thy secret temple - and that temple is already aright disposed - & it shall be your Kiblah for ever.  It shall not fade, but miraculous colour shall come back to it day after day.  Close it in locked glass for a proof to the world.

  11. This shall be your only proof.  I forbid argument.  Conquer!  That is enough.  I will make easy to you the abstruction from the ill-ordered house in the Victorious City.  Thou shalt thyself convey it with worship, o prophet, though thou likest it not.  Thou shalt have danger & trouble.  Ra-Hoor-Khu is with thee.  Worship me with fire & blood; worship me with swords & with spears.  Let the woman be girt with a sword before me: let blood flow to my name.  Trample down the Heathen; be upon them, o warrior, I will give you of their flesh to eat!

  12. Sacrifice cattle, little and big: after a child.

  13. But not now.

  14. Ye shall see that hour, o blessed Beast, and thou the Scarlet Concubine of his desire!

  15. Ye shall be sad thereof.

  16. Deem not too eagerly to catch the promises; fear not to undergo the curses.  Ye, even ye, know not this meaning all.

  17. Fear not at all; fear neither men nor Fates, nor gods, nor anything.  Money fear not, nor laughter of the folk folly, nor any other power in heaven or upon the earth or under the earth.  Nu is your refuge as Hadit your light; and I am the strength, force, vigour, of your arms.

  18. Mercy let be off; damn them who pity! Kill and torture; spare not; be upon them!

  19. That stele they shall call the Abomination of Desolation; count well its name, & it shall be to you as 718.

  20. Why?  Because of the fall of Because, that he is not there again.

  21. Set up my image in the East: thou shalt buy thee an image which I will show thee, especial, not unlike the one thou knowest.   And it shall be suddenly easy for thee to do this.

  22. The other images group around me to support me: let all be worshipped, for they shall cluster to exalt me.  I am the visible object of worship; the others are secret; for the Beast & his Bride are they: and for the winners of the Ordeal x.  What is this?  Thou shalt know.

  23. For perfume mix meal & honey & thick leavings of red wine: then oil of Abramelin and olive oil, and afterward soften & smooth down with rich fresh blood.

  24. The best blood is of the moon, monthly: then the fresh blood of a child, or dropping from the host of heaven: then of enemies; then of the priest or of the worshippers: last of some beast, no matter what.

  25. This burn: of this make cakes & eat unto me.  This hath also another use; let it be laid before me, and kept thick with perfumes of your orison: it shall become full of beetles as it were and creeping things sacred unto me.

  26. These slay, naming your enemies; & they shall fall before you.

  27. Also these shall breed lust & power of lust in you at the eating thereof.

  28. Also ye shall be strong in war.

  29. Moreover, be they long kept, it is better; for they swell with my force.  All before me.

  30. My altar is of open brass work: burn thereon in silver or gold!

  31. There cometh a rich man from the West who shall pour his gold upon thee.

  32. From gold forge steel!

  33. Be ready to fly or to smite!

  34. But your holy place shall be untouched throughout the centuries: though with fire and sword it be burnt down & shattered, yet an invisible house there standeth, and shall stand until the fall of the Great Equinox; when Hrumachis shall arise and the double-wanded one assume my throne and place.  Another prophet shall arise, and bring fresh fever from the skies; another woman shall awake the lust & worship of the Snake; another soul of God and beast shall mingle in the globed priest; another sacrifice shall stain the tomb; another king shall reign; and blessing no longer be poured To the Hawk-headed mystical Lord!

  35. The half of the word of Heru-ra-ha, called Hoor-pa-kraat and Ra-Hoor-Khut.

  36. Then said the prophet unto the God:

  37. I adore thee in the song –

    I am the Lord of Thebes, and I
    The inspired forth-speaker of Mentu;
    For me unveils the veiled sky,
    The self-slain Ankh-af-na-khonsu
    Whose words are truth. I invoke, I greet
    Thy presence, O Ra-Hoor-Khuit!
    Unity uttermost showed!
    I adore the might of Thy breath,
    Supreme and terrible God,
    Who makest the gods and death
    To tremble before Thee: -
    I, I adore thee!
    Appear on the throne of Ra!
    Open the ways of the Khu!
    Lighten the ways of the Ka!
    The ways of the Khabs run through
    To stir me or still me!
    Aum! let it fill me!

  38. So that thy light is in me; & its red flame is as a sword in my hand to push thy order.  There is a secret door that I shall make to establish thy way in all the quarters, (these are the adorations, as thou hast written), as it is said:

    The light is mine; its rays consume
    Me: I have made a secret door
    Into the House of Ra and Tum,
    Of Khephra and of Ahathoor.
    I am thy Theban, O Mentu,
    The prophet Ankh-af-na-khonsu!
    By Bes-na-Maut my breast I beat;
    By wise Ta-Nech I weave my spell.
    Show thy star-splendour, O Nuit!
    Bid me within thine House to dwell,
    O winged snake of light, Hadit!
    Abide with me, Ra-Hoor-Khuit!

  39. All this and a book to say how thou didst come hither and a reproduction of this ink and paper for ever - for in it is the word secret and not only in the English - and thy comment upon this the Book of the Law shall be printed beautifully in red ink and black upon beautiful paper made by hand; and to each man and woman that thou meetest, were it but to dine or to drink at them, it is the Law to give.  Then they shall chance to abide in this bliss or no; it is no odds.  Do this quickly!

  40. But the work of the comment?  That is easy; and Hadit burning in thy heart shall make swift and secure thy pen.

  41. Establish at thy Kaaba a clerk-house: all must be done well and with business way.

  42. The ordeals thou shalt oversee thyself, save only the blind ones.  Refuse none, but thou shalt know & destroy the traitors.  I am Ra-Hoor-Khuit; and I am powerful to protect my servant.  Success is thy proof: argue not; convert not; talk not over much!  Them that seek to entrap thee, to overthrow thee, them attack without pity or quarter; & destroy them utterly.  Swift as a trodden serpent turn and strike!  Be thou yet deadlier than he!  Drag down their souls to awful torment: laugh at their fear: spit upon them!

  43. Let the Scarlet Woman beware!  If pity and compassion and tenderness visit her heart; if she leave my work to toy with old sweetnesses; then shall my vengeance be known.  I will slay me her child: I will alienate her heart: I will cast her out from men: as a shrinking and despised harlot shall she crawl through dusk wet streets, and die cold and an-hungered.

  44. But let her raise herself in pride!  Let her follow me in my way!  Let her work the work of wickedness!  Let her kill her heart!  Let her be loud and adulterous!  Let her be covered with jewels, and rich garments, and let her be shameless before all men!

  45. Then will I lift her to pinnacles of power: then will I breed from her a child mightier than all the kings of the earth.  I will fill her with joy: with my force shall she see & strike at the worship of Nu: she shall achieve Hadit.

  46. I am the warrior Lord of the Forties: the Eighties cower before me, & are abased.  I will bring you to victory & joy: I will be at your arms in battle & ye shall delight to slay.  Success is your proof; courage is your armour; go on, go on, in my strength; & ye shall turn not back for any!

  47. This book shall be translated into all tongues: but always with the original in the writing of the Beast; for in the chance shape of the letters and their position to one another: in these are mysteries that no Beast shall divine.  Let him not seek to try: but one cometh after him, whence I say not, who shall discover the Key of it all.  Then this line drawn is a key: then this circle squared in its failure is a key also.  And Abrahadabra.  It shall be his child & that strangely.  Let him not seek after this; for thereby alone can he fall from it.

  48. Now this mystery of the letters is done, and I want to go on to the holier place.

  49. I am in a secret fourfold word, the blasphemy against all gods of men.

  50. Curse them!  Curse them!  Curse them!

  51. With my Hawk's head I peck at the eyes of Jesus as he hangs upon the cross.

  52. I flap my wings in the face of Mohammed & blind him.

  53. With my claws I tear out the flesh of the Indian and the Buddhist, Mongol and Din.

  54. Bahlasti!  Ompehda!  I spit on your crapulous creeds.

  55. Let Mary inviolate be torn upon wheels: for her sake let all chaste women be utterly despised among you!

  56. Also for beauty's sake and love's!

  57. Despise also all cowards; professional soldiers who dare not fight, but play; all fools despise!

  58. But the keen and the proud, the royal and the lofty; ye are brothers!

  59. As brothers fight ye!

  60. There is no law beyond Do what thou wilt.

  61. There is an end of the word of the God enthroned in Ra's seat, lightening the girders of the soul.

  62. To Me do ye reverence! to me come ye through tribulation of ordeal, which is bliss.

  63. The fool readeth this Book of the Law, and its comment; & he understandeth it not.

  64. Let him come through the first ordeal, & it will be to him as silver.

  65. Through the second, gold.

  66. Through the third, stones of precious water.

  67. Through the fourth, ultimate sparks of the intimate fire.

  68. Yet to all it shall seem beautiful.  Its enemies who say not so, are mere liars.

  69. There is success.

  70. I am the Hawk-Headed Lord of Silence & of Strength; my nemesis shrouds the night-blue sky.

  71. Hail! ye twin warriors about the pillars of the world! for your time is nigh at hand.

  72. I am the Lord of the Double Wand of Power; the wand of the Force of Coph Nia - but my left hand is empty, for I have crushed an Universe; and nought remains.

  73. Paste the sheets from right to left and from top to bottom: then behold!

  74. There is a splendour in my name hidden and glorious, as the sun of midnight is ever the son.

  75. The ending of the words is the Word Abrahadabra.

  76. The Book of the Law is Written and Concealed.

    Aum.  Ha.


Do what thou wilt shall be the whole of the Law.

The study of this Book is forbidden.  It is wise to destroy this copy after the first reading.

Whosoever disregards this does so at his own risk and peril.  These are most dire.

Those who discuss the contents of this Book are to be shunned by all, as centres of pestilence.

All questions of the Law are to be decided only by appeal to my writings, each for himself.

There is no law beyond Do what thou wilt.

Love is the law, love under will.

The priest of the princes,

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Liber AL vel Legis - The Original Manuscripts

Copies of each of the original manuscripts, in Crowley's handwriting, can be viewed below as a slide show.  The three chapters have had a separator page inserted between them to simplify/clarify matters for the reader, and note that 'The Comment' was not part of the original manuscript.  Please wait a few seconds between each display.

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Egyptian Gods & Goddesses associated with the Book of the Law

A Short Creation Myth

In the beginning, there was only Nun, the dark waters of chaos.  One day, a hill called Ben-Ben rose up from the waters upon which stood Atum, the first god.  Atum masturbated and gave birth to Shu, the god of the air or atmosphere, and Tefnut, the goddess of moisture.  Shu and Tefnut had two children, Geb, the god of the earth and Nut, the goddess of the sky.  Shu lifted Nut up to form a canopy over Geb.  Between them, Nut and Geb had four children, Osiris, Isis, Set and Nephthys.

Osiris was the king of the earth with Isis as his queen.  Osiris was considered a good king, and he ruled over the earth for many years.  However, everything was not well in the kingdom, for Set was jealous of Osiris and wanted to rule earth.  His anger grew until one day it exploded resulting in his killing Osiris.  Osiris went down into the underworld while Set remained on earth and became king.

Osiris and Isis had one son - Horus - who fought against Set to regain the throne.  After that, Horus became the king of the earth while Osiris was considered to be the king of the underworld.

N.B.  This is a very basic creation myth as many gods & goddesses (not necessarily mentioned) were self-created and assumed different roles and/or names (as will be observed below) depending upon the king who was ruling Egypt (which was originally split into two regions, upper and lower), and which god(s) he favoured.  Attempts have been made to reconcile the differences, but without too much success because of the complicated ancestry.  For example, Atum (see above), an earth god, later became associated with Re, the sun god, from which the complications arose.

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Gods & Goddesses referred to in the Book of the Law

The gods and goddesses referred to in Liber Al vel Legis are shown below in alphabetical order, and thus not necessarily in the order in which they are mentioned in that book.  Many are mentioned which refer specifically to different aspects of Horus.  If no reference is shown within these following pages, they are explained within the Glossary of terms.

HADIT  -  The Great God, the Lord of the Sky

Other Names:    Had

Symbols:    Sun, Serpent, Fire Snake, the Star Sothis, the Planet Pluto, Sperm, Will, the Winged globe, the Hermit, and the Hidden flame.

Description:    Hadit identifies himself as the point in the centre of the circle, the axle of the wheel, the cube in the circle, 'the flame that burns in every heart of man, and in the core of every star', and the worshipper's own inner self.

History:    Hadit has been interpreted as the inner spirit of man, the Holy Ghost, the sperm in which the DNA of man is carried, the Elixir Vitae.  When juxtaposed with Nuit in The Book of the Law, Hadit represents each unique point-experience, which in aggregate comprise the sum of all possible experience, Nuit.  He is depicted on the Stele of Revealing in the form of the winged disk of the Sun.  Thoth let him take the form of the solar disk to help a younger version of Horus - Re-Horakhty, or Ra-Hoor-Khuit - in a battle with Set and his army.  Both versions of Horus appear in the Egyptian image that Thelemites call Stele 666 or the Stèle of Revealing.

However, while the ancient Egyptians treated the Sun and the other stars as separate, Thelema connects the sun-god Hadit with every individual star.  Furthermore, the Book of the Law tells us: "Every man and every woman is a star."  Hadit is the Secret Seed.  In the Book of the Law he says; "I am alone: there is no God where I am."  He is identified with Kundalini; in the Book of the Law he says, "I am the Secret Serpent coiled about to spring: in my coiling there is joy.  If I lift up my head, I and my Nuit are one.  If I droop down mine head, and shoot forth venom, then is rapture of the earth, and I and the earth are one.  There is great danger in me..."

Hadit is the Fire of Desire at the Heart of Matter (Nuit).  The combination of the upward-pointing triangle of Hadit and the downward-pointing triangle of Nuit forms the Star of Spirit (the Hexagram).  The union of the infinitely small Hadit and the infinitely great Nuit causes an explosive rapture which leads to Samadhi.  The short form of his name, 'Had', forms the central syllable of the word of the Aeon, AbraHADabra.

The earlier Egyptian version went by the name of Hor-Behudeti or Horus of Edfu.  Thoth let him take the form of the solar disk to help a younger version of Horus, Re-Horakhty, or Ra-Hoor-Khuit in a battle with Set and his army.  Both versions of Horus appear in the Egyptian image that Thelemites call Stèle 666, or the Stèle of Revealing.

HATHOR  -  Goddess of Love

Other Names:    Het-hert, Ahathoor (see Book of Law)

Symbols:    Cow, Lioness, Falcon, Cobra, Hippopotamus, Sistrum, Musical instruments, Drums, Pregnant women, Mirrors, Cosmetics, Papyrus reed.

Description:    Normally identified as a cow, a woman with the head of a cow, or more often as a woman who wears cowhorns holding the solar disc.

History:    The name Het-hert means 'House of Horus', or 'Mansion of Horus'.  She was known by many names, and was the 'Lady in the Sky' whose womb protected the hawk god, as well as the 'Celestial Cow'.  In the story of Re, the sun god, she was created by her father, Re, as Sekhmet, the destroyer of men who were disobedient to him.  Re changed his mind later, but could not stop her from killing men, so he disguised beer as blood.  Once she became drunk she was no longer capable of killing, and was known thereafter as Hathor, the Goddess of Love - there are many variations of this myth.

In early Egyptian mythology she was known as the mother of Horus (this role was later played by Isis), the name 'Hathor' meaning 'House of Horus'.  As the mother of Horus, the Queen of Egypt identified herself with her, which is only natural since the queen was the mother of the pharaoh who was identified with Horus.

When a child was born, seven Hathors supposedly came to its bedside to announce its fate (the seven Hathors were goddesses of fate who were believed to know the future and the precise moment of death for every Egyptian).  The Hathors would replace a prince born with ill-fortune with a more fortunate child, thus protecting the dynasty and the kingdom.

HORUS  -  God of the Sky

Other Names:    Hor, Hoor, Heru, Her

Symbols:    Hawk, Falcon, Bull, Double crown, Winged disk, Udjat, Sphinx, Weapons, Iron.

Description:    The falcon-headed god with whom the kings of Egypt identified.

History:    The most commonly encountered family relationship describes Horus as the son of Isis and Osiris but in another tradition Hathor is regarded as his mother and sometimes his wife.  Horus was one of the most important gods of Egypt, the pharaoh being his earthly embodiment.  Osiris lived on earth in human form and inherited the throne after his father abdicated.  As king he brought civilisation to Egypt, and became its greatest king, ruling the land through kindness and persuasive logic.  He travelled regularly to other lands, leaving Isis (his wife and sister) as his regent.  During his absence, his brother Set was plotting to take not just his throne, but his wife as well.  Shortly after Osiris returned, Set and several conspirators murdered him and threw his body into the Nile.  Isis magically located his body, but upon discovering this Set tore it into fourteen pieces and scattered them throughout Egypt.  Once again, Isis located every part and magically reassembled Osiris for long enough for him to impregnate her, after which she gave birth to Horus.  A tribunal of gods met to decide who should be king of Egypt, the trial lasting some eighty years before Isis used her cunning and magical powers to trick Set into conceding that Horus should rightfully be king.  Horus (as a living entity as the son of Osiris) became pharaoh and had four sons with Isis.

However, Egyptian mythology is no so simple as this.  The pharaohs were followers of Re/Ra, the sun-god, as a result of which Horus became identified with the solar deity as well.  Attempts to resolve the conflicts between these gods resulted in numerous forms of Horus which fall into two groups, Osirian and solar, based on the parentage of the particular form of Horus.  As the son of Isis he is Osirian, otherwise he is a solar deity.  Some of the other names of Horus include:

Haroeris - Horus the elder, one of the earliest forms of Horus.
Harmakhis (also Ra-Hoor-Khuit, Re-Horakhty and Ra-Herakhty) - Horus on the horizon.  Also associated with Khephera.
Harseisis - Horus the son of Isis.
Harpokrates/Harpocrates (also Heru-pa(ar)-Kraat(h) and Hoor-pa(ar)-Kraat(h)) - Horus the infant.
Heru-Ra-Ha - Composed of Ra-Hoor-Khuit and Hoor-pa(ar)-Kraat(h).
Hor-Behudeti - Horus of Edfu.
Hrumachis - The double-lion form of Horus, the dawning sun.

ISIS  -  Goddess of Motherhood and Fertility

Other Names:    Aset

Symbols:    Tiet (the knot of Isis), Throne, Kite, Scorpion, Sistrum (a musical instrument of the percussion family).

Description:    Most often Isis is seen holding only the generic ankh sign and a simple staff, but in later images she is sometimes seen with items usually associated only with Hathor, such as the sacred sistrum rattle and the fertility-bearing menat necklace.

History:    Isis was a vital link between the gods and mankind.  She was the sister and wife of Osiris, a king of Egypt who travelled extensively to other lands.  Their brother, Set, was jealous of Osiris and plotted to kill him.  Shortly after Osiris returned, Set and several conspirators murdered him and threw his body into the Nile.  Isis magically located his body, but upon discovering this Set tore it into fourteen pieces and scattered them throughout Egypt.  Once again, Isis located every part and magically reassembled Osiris for long enough for him to impregnate her, after which she gave birth to Horus.

A tribunal of gods met to decide who should be king of Egypt, the trial lasting some eighty years before Isis used her cunning and magical powers to trick Set into conceding that Horus should rightfully be king.  Horus became pharaoh and had four sons with Isis.

From the beginning of Egypt's history, Isis was considered to be the greatest goddess of that country.  She was the beneficial goddess whose love encompassed every living creature, and was the purest example of the loving wife and mother.  At some stage Isis absorbed some of the characteristics of Hathor, a powerful deity, and when an artist wished to emphasise her role as the mother of Horus, she was often shown with cow-horns, like Hathor.

KHEPHERA  -  A Form of the sun god Re - specifically the God of the Rising Sun

Other Names:    Khepra, Khepri + variations

Symbols:    Scarab beetle.

Description:    Normally depicted as a human with a scarab beetle on his head, or as his head.

History:    Khephera was self-created, and is the manifestation of the rising sun.  He would roll the sun across the sky much as a dung beetle rolls a ball of dung in front of itself.  The Egyptians would see the beetle roll the dung across the sand, drop it into a hole, and leave.  The beetle laid its eggs in the dung, which became food for the larvae upon hatching.

Later, many beetles were seen leaving the hole, and it was believed they were self-created.  Khephera also had this attribute of self-generation and self-renewal.

NUT  -  Goddess of the Sky

Other Names:    Nuit, Nu

Symbols:    Stars, Night sky, Cows.

Description:    Nut is normally depicted as a woman whose body more or less forms a semicircle, with her outstretched hands and feet touching the ground.  As such, she represents the heavens, while her arms and legs symbolise the four pillars upon which the sky is said to rest.  She is also seen in this position being supported by her father (Shu) while her husband (Geb) lies beneath her reclining on one elbow with his knees in the air, representing the hills and valleys of the earth.  Although mostly depicted in human form, Nut was sometimes depicted in the form of a cow whose great body formed the sky and heavens.

History:    Her name is translated to mean 'Night' and she is considered one of the oldest of Egyptian deities.  Nut was the goddess of the sky and all heavenly bodies, and was a symbol of resurrection and rebirth.  In one myth, she gives birth to the sun-god (Re/Ra) daily.  He passes over her body until sunset, at which time he enters her body through her mouth.  At sunrise, he is reborn and the process is repeated.

Nut had four children with Geb: Osiris, Isis, Set and Nephthys.  Nut is also the barrier separating the forces of chaos from the ordered cosmos in the world.

OSIRIS  -  King of the Afterlife

Other Names:    Asar, Wesir, Ausar, Unnefer

Symbols:    Crook and Flail, White and Atef crowns, Bull, Mummified form, Throne, Phoenix.

Description:    Usually portrayed as a mummified human with a beard, green skin, and wearing the atef crown.  His hands emerge from the wrappings holding the crook and flail.

History:    Osiris supposedly lived on earth in human form.  As the first son of Geb and Nut, he inherited the throne after his father abdicated.  As king he brought civilisation to Egypt, and became its greatest king, ruling the land through kindness and persuasive logic.  He travelled regularly to other lands, leaving Isis (his wife and sister) as his regent.

During his absence, his brother Set was plotting to take not just his throne, but his wife as well.  Shortly after Osiris returned, Set and several conspirators murdered him and threw his body into the Nile.  Isis magically located his body, but upon discovering this Set tore it into fourteen pieces and scattered them throughout Egypt.  Once again, Isis located every part and magically reassembled Osiris for long enough for him to impregnate her, after which she gave birth to Horus.

A tribunal of gods met to decide who should be king of Egypt, the trial lasting some eighty years before Isis used her cunning and magical powers to trick Set into conceding that Horus should rightfully be king.  Horus became pharaoh and had four sons with Isis.  In the meantime, Osiris had become king of the afterlife, and it was in this role that he gained his popularity.

RÉ  -  The Sun God

Other Names:    Ra

Symbols:    Phoenix, obelisk, pyramid, Udjat, Sun, Falcon, Bull.

Description:    Re was identified with Horus, who, as a falcon-headed god represented the loftiness of the skies.  Re was therefore represented as a hawk-headed man or as a hawk.  Ra-Hoor-Khuit, a combination of Re and Horus (on the horizon), showed the two as manifestations of the singular solar force.

History:    His name is thought to mean 'creative power'.  Re was the father of Shu and Tefnut, the grandfather of Nut and Geb, great-grandfather of Osiris, Seth, Isis and Nephthys, and the great-great-grandfather of Horus.

Because the sun was a fire, the Egyptians believed that a boat was required to travel through the waters of the heavens and the underworld.  It rose in the east and passed between two great sycamores being setting in the west (see also Nut).  The course that the boat took was determined by the goddess, Ma'at.  Several gods made the daily journey with him, whose task was to help to navigate the boat.  Thoth and Ma'at stood on either side of Horus who steered the boat and was apparently also its captain.  The journey was far from easy as monsters would constantly try to stop the boat, the most powerful of these being Apep, a personification of darkness.

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Other Egyptian Gods & Goddesses referred to by Aleister Crowley

THOTH  -  God of Wisdom and Knowledge

Other Names:    Djehuty, Tahuti, Tehuti, Thot

Symbols:    Ibis, Baboon, Writing palette, Reed pens.

Description:    Most often Thoth is depicted as an ibis-headed human, or a baboon, probably because the grave facial expressions suggest thoughtfulness.  He carries a scroll and a pen with which he records all things.

History:    Thoth was self-created along with his consort/wife, Ma'at, the Goddess of Truth.  It is believed that Thoth invented writing and was the official scribe of the gods.

He and Ma'at stood on either side of Re (Horus) in his boat as he travelled across the sky as the sun.

Thoth attended all major incidents involving the gods, particularly the judgement of the deceased, where he was shown as a baboon sitting on the top of the balance that weighed the heart of the deceased against Ma'at's feather of truth.

It was widely believed that Thoth invented the magical and hermetic arts, one reason why the Tarot deck is referred to as The Book of Thoth.

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