AN ILLUSTRATED DICTIONARY OF THELEMA & THE OCCULT

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E
Earth The third planet from the sun, and the only one in the solar system supporting life as we know it.  Earth is one of the four alchemical Elements.  In esoteric tradition such as Kabbalah, Earth represents the manifestation of matter.  Earth has the properties cold and dry, and is associated with physical sensation.
Ectoplasm A foul-smelling, milky-white substance considered to be an energy form that only functions properly in darkness.  A medium often began a routine with 'ectoplasm' exuding as an umbilical cord from his/her mouth, although this 'phenomena' is very rare these days.
Elder Futhark The Elder Futhark is the oldest of the runic alphabets, and consists of three sets of eight letters.  The primary characteristic distinguishing runic alphabets from others is that each letter, or rune, has a specific meaning.  Although rune-casting is classed as 'divination', a rune-caster does not see, or even attempt to see into the future.  Instead, he/she examines the cause and effect and points out a probable outcome.  Odin, the Norse God, supposedly hung upside down for nine days in order to gain 'the wisdom of the runes'.
Electronic Voice Phenomena See EVP below.
Elementals Creatures or spirits that inhabit and take on the qualities of the four elements.  Sylphs are the spirits of Air, gnomes, the spirits of Earth, salamanders, the spirits of Fire, and undines, the spirits of Water.  Elementals are also thought forms which can be manifested by worked up emotion for personal use to enhance a ritual or spell.  These thought forms are taken from your subconscious and have aspects of you, although they are detached from you.  See also Familiars.
Elements Basically, the four qualities of the world.  In Alchemy, the four classical Elements are Air, Earth (see above), Fire and Water.
En Sof See Ain-Soph.
Enochian Magick/Script This is magick used for the evocation and commanding of various spirits.  It is a system of Ceremonial Magick based on the writings of Dr John Dee and Edward Kelley (also spelt as Kelly) in the sixteenth century.  According to Dee and Kelley their information was delivered to them directly by an angel (the Great Angel Ave), after which they created the Enochian script.  They claim it embraces secrets contained within the Book of Enoch (a title given to several attributed to Enoch, the great-grandfather of Noah).  Enochian script is often referred to as the 'Angelic Script', and is used in Ceremonial Magick when working with angelic beings, particularly so in the Calls or Keys used to summon them.
Equinox The word 'equinox' is derived from the Latin words aequus (equal) and nox (night).  An equinox occurs when the celestial equator and the path the sun appears to take through the constellations of the zodiac (the ecliptic) meet.  This occurs just twice a year, in spring and autumn, when night and day are of equal length (the vernal and autumnal equinoxes).  These names are normally used when one wishes to relate the equinox to a season.  However, the seasons of the northern and southern hemispheres are opposites (the spring equinox of one hemisphere is the autumn equinox of the other).  Every 26,000 years, our planet earth completes what is known as a 'precession cycle'.  During each precession cycle, the earth's 'axis', for want of a more definitive word, 'wobbles' in relation to the celestial equator, changing the constellation that appears on the ecliptic on the vernal equinox.  This is referred to as the Equinox of the Gods.
Equinox of the Gods See Equinox.
Esbat Wiccan and Neo-pagan Esbats are based on the lunar calendar, occurring thirteen times each year on the full moon, and usually mark meeting times for covens and ritual groups.  Sabbats, of which there are eight, are based on the solar calendar.
Esoteric Hidden or deeper knowledge or teachings that are possessed or understood by a few as opposed to the masses.  In religion this manifests in the 'mystical'.
ESP Extra Sensory Perception, or ESP, is a collective term describing communication or perception by means of other than our five physical senses of sight, hearing, touch, taste and smell, i.e. a sixth sense.  Joseph Banks Rhine (1895-1980), Professor of Psychology at Duke University in the USA, conducted thousands of experiments producing statistical evidence of the existence of a telepathic function in some individuals, and coined the term ESP (also referred to as psi after the 'agent' through which the mind is able to receive the ESP impressions).
ESP Symbols See Zener Cards.
Ether See Aether.
Eucharist The word 'Eucharist' originates from the Greek word for thanksgiving, but used in the context of magick it takes on a different, special meaning - the transmutation of food and drink into divine sacraments, which are then consumed.  The aim is to infuse the food and drink with certain properties, usually embodied by various deities, so that the magician takes in those properties upon their consumption.  Crowley describes the regular practice of Eucharistic ritual as: "The magician becomes filled with God, fed upon God, intoxicated with God.  Little by little his body will become purified by the internal lustration of God; day by day his mortal frame, shedding its earthly elements, will become in very truth the Temple of the Holy Ghost.  Day by day matter is replaced by Spirit, the human by the divine; ultimately the change will be complete; God manifest in flesh will be his name."
Evocation Unlike what happens with invocation, involving a ‘calling in’, evocation involves a ‘calling forth’, most commonly into what is called the Triangle of Art.  Aleister Crowley explains the distinct difference between invocation and evocation as such: "To 'invoke' is to ‘call in’, just as to ‘evoke’ is to ‘call forth’.  This is the essential difference between the two branches of Magick.  In invocation, the macrocosm floods the consciousness.  In evocation, the magician, having become the macrocosm, creates a microcosm.  You invoke a God into the Circle.  You evoke a Spirit into the Triangle of Art."  See also Invocation.
EVP Electronic Voice Phenomena or EVP is the term applied to the supposed communication by spirits via a tape recorder or other electronic device.  Sceptics feel there is a more natural explanation for such phenomena, e.g. interference from radio transmissions and the like, whereas, based on the recordings they have made, those involved in investigating the paranormal are convinced that it really is the departed making contact.
Exorcism A religious-based act of forcing a demon or evil spirit from the body of a possessed person.  The act is usually performed by a religious person, such as a priest, and involves the performing of certain rituals.
Extra Sensory Perception See ESP above.
Eye of Horus See Udjat.
Eye of Providence See All-seeing Eye.

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