||The witch's familiar was thought to be a demon or imp often appearing in the form of a small animal such as a cat. This assumed form of a witch's companion spirit was believed to trade favours to her in return for milk from her breast, or third nipple. Familiars are also thought forms which can be manifested by worked up emotion for personal use to enhance a ritual or spell. These thought forms are taken from your subconscious and have aspects of you, although they are detached from you. See also Elementals.
||One of the four alchemical Elements. Fire is associated with heat and dryness and symbolises the 'fiery' emotions of love, hate, passion and anger, as well as spiritual aspiration (actions of intent to bring one closer to the divine).
||This is a traditional Wiccan ritual practice, normally undertaken during initiations. However, it is also used as a greeting between the High Priest and Priestess of a coven. Each of the five parts of the body, symbolic of the five points of the pentagram, are ritually kissed.
||According to Raymond Lully, a 13th century alchemist, “Metals cannot be transmuted unless they are reduced into their First Matter, being a Fixed Mercury, otherwise the Mercury of the Philosophers, and this is to be distinguished as such from common quicksilver, which no art can alter into that substance which is known and handled by the wise. But when the latter is mixed with the former they become united in a bond of love and never part. The phlegmatic humidity of common or running Mercury is dried up; that which remains becomes black as coal and is afterwards turned into powder. The Mercury of Philosophers possesses the heat of Nature and imparts its temperate quality to the vulgar kind, transmuting it into pure metal, being Sol or Lunar, one or the other, as it is extended ...........”
||In addition to the formally stated creeds and beliefs of an organised and codified major religion, folk religion consists of folklore, i.e. beliefs, superstitions, stories and cultural practices passed down from generation to generation.
||See Folk Magic above.
||A fortune teller is someone who 'predicts the future', usually for an individual, through what appears to be mystical or supernatural means, normally for commercial gain. Fortune telling is often considered to be a form of divination. See also Soothsayer.
||The name informally applied to what is termed a 'Greek-letter brotherhood', characterised by a ritual, a pin and strong ties to friendship and moral principles. It is a body of people associated for a common purpose or interest, such as a guild. See also Freemasonry.
||A fraternity, which in modern days is trying to shake off its reputation for secrecy. It is believed that Freemasonry evolved from the medieval guilds of the stonemasons on the notion that the architecture of a church (Solomon's Temple in particular) is a metaphor for the architecture of the soul and man's relationship with God. The founders of many occult organisations were Freemasons and seem to have modelled their modi operandi along Masonic lines, for example, The Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn.
||See Elder Futhark.
Return to top of page.