AN ILLUSTRATED DICTIONARY OF THELEMA & THE OCCULT

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Y
Y King See Book of Changes.
Yesod Yesod is the ninth Sphere (Sephirah) of divine emanation according to Kabbalah.  The word Yesod means foundation.  See also The Sephiroth.
Yetzirah Kabbalists believe the manifestation of our material world was caused by the immanent activity of God on four different planes, or in four worlds, simultaneously.  The World of Formation, Yetzirah, is the third of these worlds.  Ten angelic hosts reside in this world, Arelim, Benei Elohim, Chajoth, Chashmalim, Elim, Elohim, Ishim, Malachim, Ophanim and Seraphim, presided over by Metraton, the 'Prince of the World'.
YHVH Also IHVH.  Reading from right to left, YHVH is the four-letter Tetragrammaton, the 'true' name of the God in the Hebrew scriptures and the Kabbalah.  Only the four consonants YHVH (Yod He Vau He) are ever written.
Yin-Yang In Chinese philosophy, this symbol represents 'how everything works', and depicts two great opposite forces unable to exist without each other, and upon whose continual interaction everything depends.  Yin (black) is the female aspect.  Being dark and negative, she represents the moon, water and the earth, while Yang (white) is male.  He is the opposite, being light and positive, and represents the sun, fire and the heavens.  The outer circle represents everything, i.e. the universe and everything within it, while the black and white shapes within the circle symbolise the interaction of the two energies, 'yin' and 'yang', which cause all things to happen in the universe.  However, bear in mind that the conception of black and white is not quite true, just as things in life are not completely black or white - there are always some elements of grey.  While 'yin' (female) is dark and passive, downward and cold, contracting and weak, 'yang' (male) is bright and active, upward and hot, expanding and strong.  See also Hexagram.  From the shape of the two sections of the symbol, continually revolving like a wheel spinning on its axle, one can gain a sense of the perpetual movement of these two energies.  Yin changes to yang while yang changes to yin, then back again, causing everything to happen during the process, such as waters freezing and melting, plants growing to produce their seeds before dying, metals expanding and contracting, night turning to day, winter turning to spring, then summer, then autumn and eventually back to winter.
Yod The tenth letter of the Sacred Alphabet.  It literally means hand, has the phonetic value of Y or I and has a numerical value of 10.  It is further attributed to the Zodiacal sign Virgo and the Tarot Trump The Hermit.
Yoga A Sanskrit word meaning union (with the divine), Yoga is a philosophy and discipline applied to the development of mind, body, and spirit.  There are several different disciplines of Yoga: Hatha; Vinyasa; Iyengar; Kundalini; Bikram/hot yoga, emphasising different aspects or combinations of mind body spirit.  Through practices of holding a variety of body positions/postures, and the centring of the mind and breath in a meditative way, the practitioner increases body awareness, posture, flexibility of body and mind and calmness of spirit.
Yogi / Yogin A devotee, in particular one who has mastered the techniques and practices of Yoga and who is capable of teaching and training others in the yogic discipline.
Yule One of the principal Sabbats or religious festivals in Wiccan and other Neo-pagan practices, on or near 21st December.  It celebrates the coming of the rebirth of the sun to the earth after the longest night/shortest day.

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